Is your preschooler struggling to learn?
Children grow and develop at different rates, but most will reach several milestones between the ages of 3 and 5. Developmental milestones can help identify when a child is struggling and provide direction to find out why. Children who are not meeting milestones and/or are struggling to learn may need additional supports to help them prepare for kindergarten.
A range of concerns could potentially impact a child's learning ability, including difficulties with speech and/or language, cognitive impairment, autism spectrum disorder, emotional concerns, traumatic brain injury, hearing or visual difficulties, early childhood developmental delay or a specific learning disability. Special education programs and/or supports are available to children ages 3, 4 and 5 through the local school district. Intervening as early as possible can in many cases resolve, or at least limit, a child's roadblock to learning.
- Copies adults and friends
- Takes turns in games
- Follows instructions with 2 or 3 steps
- Plays make-believe with dolls, animals and people
- May get upset with major changes in routine
- May copy a circle with a pencil or crayon
- Turns book pages one at a time
- Runs easily
- Enjoys doing new things
- Would rather play with other children than by him/herself
- Sings a song or says a poem from memory such as "Itsy Bitsy Spider" or "Wheels on the Bus"
- Can say first and last name
- Able to name some colors and numbers
- Catches a bounced ball most of the time
- Often can't tell what's real and what's make-believe
- Hops; may be able to skip
- Can print some letters or numbers
- Likes to sing, dance and act
- Is aware of gender
- Can tell what's real and what's make-believe
- Can play simple games such as Candy Land and Go Fish
- Wants to be like friends
- Is sometimes demanding and sometimes very cooperative
*Milestones checklists available to download in English and Spanish
Need more information? Learn more about our services, or call the Michigan Special Education Information Line at 1-888-320-8384.